[How To] View and Set The Environment Variables In Unix

Each Unix flavor comes pre-loaded with a set of system defined environment variables such as $HOME, $PATH and $SHELL.

Environment varibales are system specific variables whose values can be changed by the user and are available globally throughout your terminal.

If one wishes to view the value of a specific variable, one can just echo the variable name. You can also find out all the available shell environment variables in following way:

 Viewing the environment variables
The printenv command is used to view all the environment variables
$ printenv

 The above example is also illustrated by below screenshot:

printenv command (click on the image to enlarge).

 Setting an environment variable
One can set a new environment variable just like any other other variable. However, one must export the variable to make it globally available.

$ MYHOMEPATH=$HOME/vishal/home

To unset a variable, simply type unset variable_name, as shown in below example.